Could technology be used to solve water scarcity issues?

Could technology be used to solve water scarcity issues?

Extreme water shortage is a global problem. Many individuals struggle to get enough water, even if affluent cultures, particularly in developing nations, squander a lot of water. The world’s lakes and reservoirs have all dried up. Technological advancements greatly facilitate the availability of safe drinking water on a global scale.

Graphene Filter Technology to Produce Drinkable Seawater

Nearly three-quarters of Earth’s surface contains water, yet almost all is unfit for human consumption. The water is too salty to drink since it is mostly ocean water. However, they are working on making it drinkable by removing the salt from the water.

According to a research team worldwide, desalination has been made easier with a membrane covering made of graphene. Compared to current nanofiltration methods, the membrane has superior scalability and robustness. This opens up the prospect of a functional and durable membrane for use in the food and pharmaceutical industries since it may desalinate and sterilize water and aid in separating proteins and treating wastes.

Most saltwater not appropriate for human consumption may be rendered drinkable using this method.

How the Internet of Things Can Help Reduce Water Use

The Internet of Things (IoT) assists in water conservation via its networked gadgets and sensors that intelligently track use. Drought-stricken communities use IoT technology to monitor and manage their use better.

To avoid overwatering their crops, some farms have begun using Internet of Things (IoT) devices to monitor soil moisture levels, control irrigation, and more. Farmers have been able to cut their water use by six percent and their emissions of greenhouse gases by around 5% thanks to the technology offered by WaterBit, a pinpoint irrigation technology firm. Also, after putting the sensors in the field, farmers saw a doubling of their crop output. They improved irrigation management throughout the growing season with IoT devices.

The entry and outflow of water may be monitored by these sensor-clad devices, which can also provide reports and conduct in-depth analyses of use. As a result, people can control how much water they use and save more.

Water Conservation Through Drones

Uncrewed aerial vehicles (UAVs) serve as eyes in regions that are either too hazardous or too costly to explore on foot. Researchers can now see infrastructure and landscapes that were previously inaccessible thanks to these camera-embedded gadgets.

Leaks in underground water pipelines may be located in hot and isolated areas using drones equipped with infrared cameras. Even though they aren’t apparent to the human eye, infrared technology can detect leakage. Pipe leaks account for a significant portion of the water lost every day globally.

The flow of water in different types of landscapes is the subject of ongoing scientific study in California. Drones help survey regions and learn more about water flow in this context. Measuring this by hand would have been very difficult.


Technology has the potential to be a beacon of hope in an increasingly water-scarce future. Governments, businesses, and citizens may all do their part to reduce water use using technological tools.

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